Pays d’Europe centrale, sans accès à la mer, paysage fluvial et de basses montagnes, sa capitale est Prague.
Accessibilité : réseau routier reliant le réseau européen par l’E65. Deux gares à proximité des deux aéroports internationaux à Praha et Brno. Transports en commun en développement : 7 réseaux de tramway, un réseau de métro dans la capitale (prague), lignes de bus dans tous le pays.
Deux régions viticoles : la Bohème et la principale avec 96% de la production : la Moravie avec 18 400ha. Cépages principaux : en blanc (soit 67% de la production) Muller Thurgau, Gruner, Vetliner, Welschriesling, Riesling, Sauvignon… et en rouge: Saint-Laurent, Blaufrankisch, Pinot noir, Portugais bleu, Cabernet Sauvignon.Tourisme
Plus de 1200km de pistes cyclables et de sentiers balisés. 10 circuits régionaux tous relié par un sentier viticole (route des vins de Moravie qui représente 290km).Oenotourisme
Plus de 500 entreprises viticoles, caves et vinothèques ouvertes au public proposent des dégustations et parcours ludiques. De nombreuses expositions temporaires et musées du vin. La Tchéquie développe principalement le cyclotourisme, une grande partie de la route du vin de Moravie passe sur des pistes cyclables.
Invitation to Wine-Cellar Lanes in South Moravia
Sometime between 275 and 282 AD, the border of the Roman Empire shifted as far as the Pavlov Hills in southern Moravia. Soldiers of the 10thlegion of the Emperor Probus, settled under the cliffs of the Pálava Highlands, quenched their thirst with water they mixed, for sanitary reasons, with wine. Nonetheless, supplies of wine from the homeland were irregular and so they planted the first vineyards on the south-western slopes of the sunlit hills; this is likely how the foundations of Moravian grape growing came to be laid. Direct evidence concerning the planting of vineyards is also available for the Podpálaví region but it dates back only to around the beginning of the 9th century. The growing of grapevines is corroborated by archaeologists’ findings at the locations of former fortified settlements from the era of the Great Moravia Empire at Dolní Věstonice and Strachotín. Physical evidence in the form of the findings is supplemented by the words of the chronicler Václav Hájek of Libočany: “In 892 the Moravian Prince Svatopluk sent a barrel of excellent Moravian wine to Prince Bořivoj, his father-in-law. This was to celebrate the birth of his son Spytihněv...” In centuries following, the Moravian wine industry was to encounter its upturns and downturns. Following on the Middle Ages, when viticulture was primarily the prerogative of the church and aristocracy, came the 16th century – the golden age of Moravian grape cultivation. But the century which followed, with its periods of war and invasions by foreign armies, led to depopulation of settlements, vineyards falling into decay, and an overall decline in the region. The post-war restoration of the vineyards lay predominantly in the hands of the country population. It was at that time that the wine cellar and so-called búda (see below) became common - two important economic, social and architectural elements of the Moravian village ever after. The history, atmosphere and appearance of cellars and wine-cellar lanes in the more than sixty vine growing villages and towns presented in this guide are captured in the words of Rudolf Malík, a viticulture pedagogue. In 1936, he wrote: The ‘búda’ is a small cottage added to the cellar itself. It serves the purpose of retaining the direct effect of sunrays and in this way it contributes to the preservation of uniform temperature in the cellar. Búdas may be found either directly within the village or outside by the vineyards, either standing on their own or in clusters, several búdas standing together. Such a colony of búdas can make an almost depressing impression on an uninformed stranger. He considers búdas to be abandoned farmhouses and the whole mysterious settlement a place of the dead. But such an assumption is an enormous delusion. Búdas may not be permanently inhabited; still they are often a place of great merry-making.
Accept therefore, please, our invitation to Southern Moravia, to a region of abundant nature, shining sun and hospitable people. We will guide you through the lanes of Petrov with its cellars protected as a national cultural heritage and take you to Vlčnov, where there is a unique grouping of búdas without cellars. You’ll see examples of folk cellar architecture in Blatnice and grand homes built over the cellars of Pavlov. You will visit an extraordinary complex of cellars dug in seven levels, one above the other, in Vrbice, as well as ancient localities in the region of Znojmo that have not altered their appearance for centuries. You will learn the past and present of grape cultivation in the south of Moravia, of ancient legends and customs, of present-day life in wine-cellar lanes and life as it was in the times of our ancestors. You will discover a region where grape cultivation and wine itself have inspired folk songs, customs and traditions; and where work in vineyard and cellar still informs the rhythm of life and shapes the souls of the local people. In cellar lanes and in individual viticultural settlements, you will meet winegrowers who will teach you how to understand and savour wine. Wander with us between the rows of grapes and into the romantic retreats of cellar lanes. Visit a region of gregarious people and places where time stands still. Time may stand still for you too: one does not age during the time spent in a wine cellar... You can also hit the road on a bike to uncover the mysteries of wine cellars. There’s a dense network of wine trails maintained by the foundation “Partnerství / Partnership”. You’ll find a general description of individual routes in the introduction to every individual subregion. This book also contains reference maps which include four wine growing subregions and eleven wine trails, which might serve to inspire you to plan a single-day trip or a several-day fact-finding tour of the wine-cellar lanes of Southern Moravia.
The Moravian Wine Trails are a long-term project for the development of viniculture and sustainable tourism in South Moravia. The project has been implemented by the Czech Environmental Partnership Foundation (Nadace Partnerství) in collaboration with 280 wine-growing municipalities and other partners. Each of the 10 wine-growing regions in Moravia is connected by its own wine trail loop, with all loops connected to the arterial Moravian Wine Trail. Visitors can thus choose from one-day trips or longer tours on which to discover local culture, wines and monuments, all from a 1,200-km network of cycling trails. All signposts and information boards contain the logo of the Moravian Wine Trails. The colour of the logo indicates on which of the 11 wine trails the visitor is at the moment. In each town on the wine trails, you will find an information panel containing a map of trails in the given wine region. The maps also indicate the level of motorised traffic and the quality of the road surface, allowing visitors to plan their route along, for instance, calm paved roads suitable for families with children. The network of cycling trails is only one part of a larger project aimed at improving local infrastructure and the availability of tourist attractions and services in the region. For us, wine tourism is directly connected with respect for the landscape, the maintenance of folk traditions and the renewal of our cultural heritage associated with winemaking.
Certification of the wine cellars for wine tourism
National Wine Centre
691 42 Valtice
+420 515 903 117